New Delhi, February 1 (PTI): Following are the highlights of the Union Budget for 2022-23 presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in Parliament on Tuesday:

FISCAL POSITION

  • India’s growth estimated at 9.2 pc, to be highest among large economies
  • Fiscal deficit in 2022-23 estimated at 6.4 pc of GDP
  • Total expenditure in 2022-23 pegged at Rs 39.45 lakh cr
    Total receipts other than borrowings estimated at Rs 22.84 lakh cr in FY23
  • Effective Capital Expenditure’ of Central Government estimated at Rs 10.68 lakh cr in 2022-23, which is about 4.1pc of GDP
  • Fiscal deficit in current year at 6.9 pc of GDP (against 6.8pc in Budget Estimates)
  • 60 lakh new jobs to be created under productivity linked incentive scheme in 14 sectors

TAX PROPOSALS

  • No change in personal income tax rates
  • Provision to file an updated return on payment of additional tax; can be filed within two years from the end of the relevant assessment year.
  • Updated return provision to enable assessee to declare income missed out earlier
  • Tax deduction limit increased from 10% to 14% on employer’s contribution to the NPS account of State Government employees
  • Incentives for Start-ups: Period of incorporation extended by 1 year, up to March 31, 2023 for eligible start-ups to avail tax benefit
  • Any income from transfer of any virtual digital asset to be taxed at the rate of 30 pc; gift of virtual digital asset also to be taxed in the hands of recipient —

Health and Education Cess:

  • Any surcharge or cess on income, profits not allowable as business expenditure
  • No set off, of any loss to be allowed against undisclosed income detected during search, survey operations
  • Alternate Minimum Tax paid by cooperatives brought down from 18.5 per cent to 15 per cent
  • Payment of annuity and lump sum amount from insurance scheme to be allowed to differently-abled dependent during the lifetime of parents/guardians, that is on parents/ guardian attaining the age of 60 years
  • Surcharge on long term capital gains arising on transfer of any type of assets capped at 15 pc
  • Gradual phasing out of concessional rates in capital goods and project imports; applying a tariff of 7.5 pc, conducive to the growth of domestic sector
  • Over 350 exemption entries proposed to be gradually phased out, like exemption on certain agri produce, chemicals, fabrics, medical devices, and drugs and medicines for which sufficient domestic capacity exists
  • Customs rate, tariff structure simplified particularly for sectors like chemicals, textiles and metals
  • Customs duty rates to be calibrated for graded rate structure; to facilitate domestic manufacturing of wearable devices, hearable devices and electronic smart meters
  • Duty concessions to parts of transformer of mobile phone chargers, camera lens of mobile camera module and some other items to promote domestic manufacturing of high growth electronic items
  • Customs duty on cut, polished diamonds, gemstones cut to 5%; no duty on simply sawn diamond
  • Customs duty of at least Rs 400 per kg to be paid on imitation jewellery import
  • Customs duty on umbrellas raised to 20%; exemption to parts of umbrellas withdrawn
  • Customs duty exemption given to steel scrap last year extended for another year to offer relief to MSME secondary steel producers
  • Unblended fuel to attract an additional differential excise duty of Rs 2/ litre from Oct 1, 2022, to encourage blending of fuel

ALLOCATION AND REFORMS

  • Rs 2.37 lakh cr direct payment to 1.63 crore farmers for procurement of wheat, paddy Rs 2 lakh cr additional credit for Micro and Small Enterprises to be facilitated under the Credit Guarantee Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises
  • For MSMEs, guarantee cover under ECLGS to be expanded by Rs 50,000 Crore to total cover of Rs 5 lakh cr
  • Raising and Accelerating MSME performance (RAMP) programme with outlay of Rs 6,000 crore to be rolled out for MSMEs
  • Rs 60,000 crore allocated to cover 3.8 crore households in 2022-23 under `Har Ghar, Nal se Jal’ Rs 48,000 crore allocated for completion of 80 lakh houses in 2022-23 under PM Awas Yojana
  • Additional allocation of Rs 19,500 crore for Production Linked Incentive for manufacture of high efficiency solar modules to meet the goal of 280 GW of installed solar power by 2030
  • Initial allocation of Rs 1,500 crore made to enable livelihood activities for youth and women under the Prime Minister’s Development Initiative for North-East Region (PM-DevINE)
  • SEZ Act to be replaced with new legislation to enable States to become partners in Development of Enterprise and Service Hubs’
  • Defence: 68% of capital procurement budget earmarked for domestic industry in 2022-23, up from 58% in 2021-22 — Defence R&D to be opened up for industry, startups and academia with 25% of defence R&D budget earmarked
  • Scheduled Commercial Banks to set up 75 Digital Banking Units (DBUs) in 75 districts — 100 per cent of 1.5 lakh post offices to come on core banking system
  • e-Passports with embedded chip, futuristic technology to be rolled out — Battery swapping policy to be brought out for setting up charging stations at scale in urban areas for promotion of electric mobility
  • Centre for Processing Accelerated Corporate Exit (C-PACE) to be established for speedy winding-up of companies — Scheme for design-led manufacturing to be launched to build a strong ecosystem for 5G as part of the PLI scheme
  • Data Centres and Energy Storage Systems to be given infrastructure status — RBI to introduce digital rupee in FY23 to boost digital economy, better currency management.

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Source: PTI